Examining transition metal hydrosulfides: The pure rotational spectrum of ZnSH (X 2A′)

M. P. Bucchino, G. R. Adande, D. T. Halfen, L. M. Ziurys

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4 Scopus citations


The pure rotational spectrum of the ZnSH (X2A′) radical has been measured using millimeter-wave direct absorption and Fourier transform microwave (FTMW) methods across the frequency range 18-468 GHz. This work is the first gas-phase detection of ZnSH by any spectroscopic technique. Spectra of the 66ZnSH, 68ZnSH, and 64ZnSD isotopologues were also recorded. In the mm-wave study, ZnSH was synthesized in a DC discharge by the reaction of zinc vapor, generated by a Broida-type oven, with H2S; for FTMW measurements, the radical was made in a supersonic jet expansion by the same reactants but utilizing a discharge-assisted laser ablation source. Between 7 and 9 rotational transitions were recorded for each isotopologue. Asymmetry components with Ka = 0 through 6 were typically measured in the mm-wave region, each split into spin-rotation doublets. In the FTMW spectra, hyperfine interactions were also resolved, arising from the hydrogen or deuterium nuclear spins of I = 1/2 or I = 1, respectively. The data were analyzed using an asymmetric top Hamiltonian, and rotational, spin-rotation, and magnetic hyperfine parameters were determined for ZnSH, as well as the quadrupole coupling constant for ZnSD. The observed spectra clearly indicate that ZnSH has a bent geometry. The rm(1) structure was determined to be rZn-S = 2.213(5) Å, rS-H = 1.351(3) Å, and θZn-S-H = 90.6(1)°, suggesting that the bonding occurs primarily through sulfur p orbitals, analogous to H2S. The hyperfine constants indicate that the unpaired electron in ZnSH primarily resides on the zinc nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number154313
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - Oct 21 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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