Examining retaliatory responses to justice violations and recovery attempts in teams

Jessica Siegel Christian, Michael S. Christian, Adela S. Garza, Aleksander P.J. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


We examine the effect of supervisor injustice directed toward 1 team member and argue not only that the violated member will retaliate against the supervisor but that team members will band together as a collective in order to retaliate. However, we argue that effects depend on which member is violated, such that violating a strategic core member will result in greater retaliation. We then test the effect of a supervisor recovery attempt, hypothesizing that a recovery will negatively impact retaliation and that the coreness of the violated member moderates this effect, such that it is more important to recover a core member. We test our hypotheses utilizing 64 teams engaged in a command-and-control simulation. Results generally support our hypotheses for retaliation in the form of fewer supervisor-directed organizational citizenship behaviors but are less supportive for retaliation in the form of lower supervisor performance evaluations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1218-1232
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2012


  • Strategic core theory
  • Supervisor-directed retaliation
  • Team injustice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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