Evolution of the large-scale atmospheric circulation in response to changing ice sheets over the last glacial cycle

M. Löfverström, R. Caballero, J. Nilsson, J. Kleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present modelling results of the atmospheric circulation at the cold periods of marine isotope stage 5b (MIS 5b), MIS 4 and the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), as well as the interglacial. The palaeosimulations are forced by ice-sheet reconstructions consistent with geological evidence and by appropriate insolation and greenhouse gas concentrations. The results suggest that the large-scale atmospheric winter circulation remained largely similar to the interglacial for a significant part of the glacial cycle. The proposed explanation is that the ice sheets were located in areas where their interaction with the mean flow is limited. However, the LGM Laurentide Ice Sheet induces a much larger planetary wave that leads to a zonalisation of the Atlantic jet. In summer, the ice-sheet topography dynamically induces warm temperatures in Alaska and central Asia that inhibits the expansion of the ice sheets into these regions. The warm temperatures may also serve as an explanation for westward propagation of the Eurasian Ice Sheet from MIS 4 to the LGM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1441-1458
Number of pages18
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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