Even distribution/dividing of single-phase fluids by symmetric bifurcation of flow channels

Hong Liu, Peiwen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This study addresses a fundamental issue of distributing a single-phase fluid flow into a number of flow channels uniformly. A basic mechanism of flow distribution is accomplished through bifurcation of channels that symmetrically split one flow channel into two downstream channels. Applying the basic mechanism, cascades flow distributions are designed to split one flow into a large number of downstream flows uniformly. Some key parameters decisive to the flow distribution uniformity in such a system have been identified, and the flow distribution uniformity of air was studied for several versions of flow distributor designs using CFD analysis. The effect of the key parameters of the flow channel designs to the flow distribution uniformity was investigated. As an example of industrial application, a novel fluid packaging device of high efficiency was proposed and some CFD analysis results for the device were provided. The optimized flow distributor makes a very good uniform flow distribution which will significantly improve the efficiency of fluid packaging. The technology is expected to be of great significance to many industrial devices that require high uniformity of flow distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-179
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • Bifurcation of flow channel
  • CFD analysis
  • Flow distributor
  • Fluid packaging
  • Optimization
  • Uniform flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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