Evasions in interactions: Examples from the transcultural nursing research field

Janice D. Crist, Heather L. Coats, Kay Lehman, Isela Luna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transcultural qualitative research is known for its utility in eliciting in-depth narratives, resulting in increased understanding about cultural phenomena. However, sometimes specific phenomena in the researcher’s inquiry are ignored, evaded, or denied; or a seemingly crucial experience demonstrating society’s unfairness, which the researcher had been expecting, does not emerge. In this paper, the issue of evasions in narratives is addressed, with two examples in which participants evaded the issue about which they were asked: perceptions of discrimination for aging adults of Mexican descent, and perceptions of living with life-limiting illnesses for aging African American adults. The Ethno-Cultural Gerontological Nursing Model framework’s Macro-level factors (climate of stereotypes, attitudes and ascriptions of the majority group) and Group-based influences (“Cultural/historical traditions” and “Cohort influences”) organize our thinking about addressing evasions by minority research participants. Four tools synthesized from the literature and our research experiences are recommended: (1) self-assessment of one’s own cultural values and lenses, (2) co-collaborating during the data collection and analysis phases, (3) acknowledging the power position of the researcher, and (4) over-reading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8
Pages (from-to)1164-1177
Number of pages14
JournalQualitative Report
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 27 2016


  • African American
  • Aging adults
  • Evasions
  • Mexican descent
  • Qualitative research
  • Vulnerable populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Education


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