Evaluation of urine fibrinogen level in a murine model of contrast-induced nephropathy

Luyu Yao, Honglin Dong, Cynthia X. Zhao, Xin Gu, Tze W. Tan, Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, Wayne W. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: The mechanisms of contrast-induced nephropathy are not fully understood and sensitive biomarkers of contrast-induced nephropathy are yet to be found. We investigated whether urinary fibrinogen could be a potential biomarker for contrast-induced nephropathy. Methods: To create a contrast-induced nephropathy model, mice received a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor (indomethacin) and a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) intraperitoneally followed by a different dose of iodixanol. In the control group, normal saline was administered. Urinary fibrinogen and serum creatinine were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Kidneys were used to quantify fibrinogen using qRT-PCR and Western blot and for histopathological examination. Results: Histopathological examination demonstrated mild renal injury in the low-dose group, and moderate renal injury in the high-dose group. Urinary fibrinogen levels were significantly increased in an iodixanol dose-dependent manner (control vs. low-dose group, P < 0.05; control vs. high-dose group P < 0.01). Serum creatinine levels were only increased in the high-dose group (P < 0.01 compared to control), but not in the low-dose group. For fibrinogen-gene expression, in the low-dose group, Fgγ increased (qRT-PCR, Western blot, P < 0.05) in the high-dose group, Fgβ and Fgγ decreased (qRT-PCR, P < 0.01; Western blot, P < 0.05), and Fgα increased (qRT-PCR, P < 0.05; Western blot, P < 0.05). Conclusions: We propose that urinary fibrinogen could be used as a potential biomarker for early contrast-induced nephropathy diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute kidney injury
  • contrast-induced nephropathy
  • fibrinogen
  • renal failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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