The contribution of platelets and soluble clotting components to clot strength has been the focus of several clinical studies using thromboelastography; it would, therefore, be beneficial to develop an animal model with which to mechanistically approach hemostatic disorders. Thus, we proposed to determine if the contribution of platelet function (G(p), dyne/cm2) and soluble components of the coagulation pathway to total clot strength (G(T)) in rabbits were similar to those in humans. Blood was sampled from the ear arteries of conscious rabbits (n = 12); 350 μL of the blood was placed in a thromboelastograph. Ten microliters of normal saline, cytochalasin D (an inhibitor of microtubule function, 10 μM final concentration), or tissue factor (a potent stimulator of platelet function, 0.00625% final concentration) was added to the blood sample, and thromboelastography performed for 1 h. The G(T) (mean ± SD) was significantly (P < 0.001) different among samples exposed to normal saline, cytochalasin D, or tissue factor, with G(T) values of 7238 ± 1432, 937 ± 372, and 16,556 ± 3314, respectively. G(P) was responsible for 87% and 94% of G(T) in the absence or presence of tissue factor, respectively. G(P) did not significantly correlate with platelet concentration in the absence or presence of tissue factor. The contribution of G(P) to G(T) is similar to that observed in humans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine