Evaluation of a local microsphere injection method for measurement of blood flow in the rabbit lower extremity

Yutaka Maki, Warren C. Breidenbach, John C. Firrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The precision of a modified microsphere technique to measure blood flow in the hind limb of the rabbit was determined. Regional (local) injections made via a catheter in the aorta and blood withdrawn through a catheter in the hind limb enabled deposition of a high concentration of microspheres in the tissues while minimizing the number of microspheres needed for accurate measurement. 95Niobium and 141cerium‐labeled 16 μm diameter microspheres were used. Blood flow was measured in 15 locations of muscle and skin for simultaneous injections into the aorta and left ventricle (group A), simultaneous injections of a mixture into the left ventricle (group B), and ventricular injections given 1 h apart (group C). No significant differences in mean blood flow measurements were found. Correlation coefficients between local and ventricular injections ranged from 0.89–0.99 and between 0.994 and 0.999 for two simultaneous ventricular injections. The variability over time was greater, with correlations between the first and second injections ranging from 0.13–0.939. Precision of the local technique compared with the ventricular technique can be kept within 30% with five or six animals. The advantage of this technique over ventricular injections is in the measurement of blood flow in small tissue samples when the number of microspheres deposited from ventricular injections is insufficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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