Estrogen, progesterone and hippocampal plasticity in rodent models

Michael R. Foy, Michel Baudry, Roberta Diaz Brinton, Richard F. Thompson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that ovarian hormones regulate a wide variety of non-reproductive functions in the central nervous system by interacting with several molecular and cellular processes. A growing animal literature using both adult and aged rodent models indicates that 17β-estradiol (E2), the most potent of the biologically relevant estrogens, and progesterone (P4), a major naturally occurring progestogen, facilitate some forms of learning and memory, in particular those that involve hippocampal-dependent tasks. A recently developed triple-transgenic mouse (3xTg-AD) has been widely used as an animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), as this mouse exhibits an age-related and progressive neuropathological phenotype that includes both plaque and tangle pathology mainly restricted to hippocampus, amygdala and cerebral cortex. In this report, we examine recent studies that compare the effects of ovarian hormones on synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in adult and aged rodents. A better understanding of the non-reproductive functions of ovarian hormones has farreaching implications for hormone therapy to maintain health and function within the nervous system throughout aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Animal Models in Alzheimer's Disease
EditorsGemma Casadesus
Pages109-127
Number of pages19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Alzheimer's Disease
Volume1
ISSN (Print)2210-5727
ISSN (Electronic)2210-5735

Keywords

  • 3xTg AD
  • LTP
  • aging
  • estrogen
  • hippocampus
  • mouse
  • progesterone
  • synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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