Estimation of polarization aberrations and their effect on the coronagraphic performance for future space telescopes

Ramya M. Anche, Sebastiaan Y. Haffert, Jaren N. Ashcraft, Kian Milani, Kyle Van Gorkom, Kevin Derby, Ewan S. Douglas, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A major goal of proposed future space observatories, such as the Habitable World Observatory, is to directly image and characterize Earth-like planets around Sun-like stars to search for habitability signatures requiring the starlight suppression (contrast) of 1010. One of the significant aspects affecting this contrast is the polarization aberrations generated from the reflection from mirror surfaces. The polarization aberrations are the phase-dependent amplitude and phase patterns originating from the Fresnel reflections of the mirror surfaces. These aberrations depend on the angle of incidence and coating parameters of the surface. This paper simulates the polarization aberrations for an on-axis and off-axis TMA telescope of a 6.5 m monolithic primary mirror. We analyze the polarization aberrations and their effect on the coronagraphic performance for eight different recipes of mirror coatings for Astronomical filter bands g-I: three single-layer metal coatings and five recipes of protective coatings. First, the Jones pupils are estimated for each coating and filter band using the polarization ray tracing in Zemax. Then, we propagate these Jones pupils through a Vector Vortex Coronagraph and Perfect Coronagraphs using hcipy, a physical optics-based simulation framework. The analysis shows that the two main polarization aberrations generated from the four mirrors are the retardance-defocus and retardance-tilt. The simulations also show that the coating plays a significant role in determining the strength of the aberrations. The bare/oxi-aluminum and Al+18nm LiF coating outperforms all the other coatings by one order of magnitude.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI
EditorsGarreth J. Ruane
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510665743
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2023Aug 24 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume12680
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/21/238/24/23

Keywords

  • High contrast imaging
  • Optical polarimetry
  • Polarization aberrations
  • Vector Vortex Coronagraphs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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