The effect of current density on dosing rates and energy requirements for iron and aluminum electrodes in a bench-scale electrocoagulation (EC) reactor have been investigated. Dissolution rates of the iron and aluminum anodes were independent of bulk solution pH values. Iron dosing rates followed Faraday's law, but aluminum dosing rates averaged 83% greater than those predicted by Faraday's law. Chemical corrosion of both the anode and cathode contributed to the extra-faradaic aluminum dosing. A method was developed to determine the faradaic power consumption as a function of the current density. An equation describing power dissipation by ohmic and faradaic mechanisms was derived and used to estimate energy consumption per unit coagulant dose for EC reactors operating over a wide range of conditions. The derived equation can be used to compare the operational costs for EC with those using chemical additives, such as alum or ferric chloride.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering