Error diffusion applied to the manipulation of liquidCrystal display sub-pixels

William J. Dallas, Jiahua Fan, Hans Roehrig, Elizabeth A. Krupinski

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Flat-panel displays based on liquid crystal technology are becoming widely used in the medical imaging arena. Despite the impressive capabilities of presently-existing panels, some medical images push their boundaries. We are working with mammograms that contain up to 4800 × 6400 14-bit pixels. Stated differently, these images contain 30 mega-pixels each. In the standard environment, for film viewing, the mammograms are hung four-up, i.e. four images are located side by side. Because many of the LCD panels used for monochrome display of medical images are based on color models, the pixels of the panels are divided into sub-pixels. These sub-pixels vary in their numbers and in the degrees of independence. Manufacturers have used both spatial and temporal modulation of these sub-pixels to improve the quality of images presented by the monitors. In this presentation we show how the sub-pixel structure of some present and future displays can be used to attain higher spatial resolution than the full-pixel resolution specification would suggest while also providing increased contrast resolution. The error diffusion methods we discuss provide a natural way of controlling sub-pixels and implementing trade-offs. In smooth regions of the image contrast resolution can maximized. In rapidly-varying regions of the image spatial resolution can be favored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-828
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
EventProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging 2004 - Medical Imaging: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2004Feb 17 2004


  • Diagnostic Display
  • Error Diffusion
  • LCD
  • Liquid Crystal Display
  • Medical Image Display
  • Radiograph Display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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