Error analysis and tolerance allocation for confocal scanning microscopy, using Monte Carlo method

Hongki Yoo, Dongkyun Kang, Seungwoo Lee, Junhee Lee, Daegab Gweon

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The errors can cause the serious loss of the performance of a precision machine system. In this paper, we propose the method of allocating the alignment tolerances of the components and apply this method to Confocal Scanning Microscopy (CSM) to get the optimal tolerances. CSM uses confocal aperture, which blocks the out-of-focus information. Thus, it provides images with superior resolution and has unique property of optical sectioning. Recently, due to these properties, it has been widely used for measurement in biological field, medical science, material science and semiconductor industry. In general, tight tolerances are required to maintain the performance of a system, but a high cost of manufacturing and assembling is required to preserve the tight tolerances. The purpose of allocating the optimal tolerances is minimizing the cost while keeping the performance of the system. In the optimal problem, we set the performance requirements as constraints and maximized the tolerances. The Monte Carlo Method, a statistical simulation method, is used in tolerance analysis. Alignment tolerances of optical components of the confocal scanning microscopy are optimized, to minimize the cost and to maintain the observation performance of the microscopy. We can also apply this method to the other precision machine system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
Pages (from-to)242-249
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2004
EventThree-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing XI - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 27 2004Jan 29 2004


  • Confocal
  • Error analysis
  • Microscopy
  • Monte Carlo
  • Tolerance allocation
  • Tolerance analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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