Equilibration of quantum chaotic systems

Quntao Zhuang, Biao Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The quantum ergordic theorem for a large class of quantum systems was proved by von Neumann [Z. Phys. 57, 30 (1929)1434-6001EPJAFV10.1007/BF01339852] and again by Reimann [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190403 (2008)0031-9007PRLTAO10.1103/ PhysRevLett.101.190403] in a more practical and well-defined form. However, it is not clear whether the theorem applies to quantum chaotic systems. With a rigorous proof still elusive, we illustrate and verify this theorem for quantum chaotic systems with examples. Our numerical results show that a quantum chaotic system with an initial low-entropy state will dynamically relax to a high-entropy state and reach equilibrium. The quantum equilibrium state reached after dynamical relaxation bears a remarkable resemblance to the classical microcanonical ensemble. However, the fluctuations around equilibrium are distinct: The quantum fluctuations are exponential while the classical fluctuations are Gaussian.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number062147
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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