Episodic Memory Reconsolidation: An Update

Almut Hupbach, Rebecca Gomez, Lynn Nadel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations


In contrast to the study of memory reconsolidation in animals, research in humans is still in the early stages. This reflects the challenge to directly target memory reconsolidation without the use of pharmacological interventions that are often not safe for humans. Most studies therefore use paradigms in which new material is presented soon after memory reactivation. These studies show that human memories can be modified contingent upon their reactivation. Specifically, the novel material leads to interference in the original memories. This chapter reviews research on episodic memory reconsolidation that uses this approach in an object-learning paradigm. Learning a new set of objects after reactivation of a previous object-set memory causes the new objects to become integrated into the reactivated memory. We present studies that assess different types of reminders and the effects of memory strength and time delays, and we evaluate different theoretical accounts of our findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMemory Reconsolidation
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780123868923
ISBN (Print)9780123868930
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • episodic memory
  • memory updating
  • reconsolidation
  • spatial context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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