Epidemiological and clinical risk factors for endometriosis

Leslie V. Farland, Divya K. Shah, Marina Kvaskoff, Krina T. Zondervan, Stacey A. Missmer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations


The etiology and risk factors associated with endometriosis are unclear. Over the recent decades substantial work has investigated epidemiological risk factors for the disease. While some clear patterns emerge with regard to risk, many studies are plagued with complex methodological issues and bias. This chapter will present the current state of the epidemiologic knowledge on risk factors for endometriosis including in utero factors, menstrual and reproductive factors, lifestyle factors, physical characteristics, anthropometric factors, dietary factors, and environmental factors. It will further explore the relationships between endometriosis and other chronic diseases. Future work should aim to fill gaps in knowledge while taking the complex methodological issues into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomarkers for Endometriosis
Subtitle of host publicationState of the Art
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9783319598567
ISBN (Print)9783319598543
StatePublished - Sep 22 2017


  • BMI
  • Cancer
  • Diet
  • Endometriosis
  • Environmental toxins
  • In utero
  • Menstruation
  • Methods
  • Physical activity
  • Study design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions


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