Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children

Caryn Bern, Ynes Ortega, William Checkley, Jacquelin M. Roberts, Andres G. Lescano, Lilia Cabrera, Manuela Verastegui, Robert E. Black, Charles Sterling, Robert H. Gilman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    82 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We compared the epidemiologic characteristics of cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in data from a cohort study of diarrhea in a periurban community near Lima, Peru. Children had an average of 0.20 episodes of cyclosporiasis/year and 0.22 episodes of cryptosporidiosis/year of follow-up. The incidence of cryptosporidiosis peaked at 0.42 for 1-year-old children and declined to 0.06 episodes/child-year for 5- to 9-year-old children. In contrast, the incidence of cyclosporiasis was fairly constant among 1- to 9-year-old children (0.21 to 0.28 episodes/child-year). Likelihood of diarrhea decreased significantly with each episode of cyclosporiasis; for cryptosporidiosis, this trend was not statistically significant. Both infections were more frequent during the warm season (December to May) than the cooler season (June to November). Cryptosporidiosis was more frequent in children from houses without a latrine or toilet. Cyclosporiasis was associated with ownership of domestic animals, especially birds, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)581-585
    Number of pages5
    JournalEmerging infectious diseases
    Volume8
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Epidemiology
    • Microbiology (medical)
    • Infectious Diseases

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