F. G. Walter, E. F. Bilden, R. L. Gibly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Envenomations are uncommon, challenging causes of critical care admissions. This article describes the diagnosis and treatment of envenomations that cause the most critical care admissions in the United States. Most are caused by the following animals: rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths, coral snakes, brown recluse spiders, and bark scorpions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-386
Number of pages34
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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