Entanglement formation in continuous-variable random quantum networks

Bingzhi Zhang, Quntao Zhuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Entanglement is not only important for understanding the fundamental properties of many-body systems, but also the crucial resource enabling quantum advantages in practical information processing tasks. Although previous works on quantum networks focus on discrete-variable systems, light—as the only traveling carrier of quantum information in a network—is bosonic and thus requires a continuous-variable description. We extend the study to continuous-variable quantum networks. By mapping the ensemble-averaged entanglement dynamics on an arbitrary network to a random-walk process on a graph, we are able to exactly solve the entanglement dynamics. We identify squeezing as the source of entanglement generation, which triggers a diffusive spread of entanglement with a "parabolic light cone”. A surprising linear superposition law in the entanglement growth is predicted by the theory and numerically verified, despite the nonlinear nature of the entanglement dynamics. The equilibrium entanglement distribution (Page curves) is exactly solved and has various shapes depending on the average squeezing density and strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number33
Journalnpj Quantum Information
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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