Enhancement of the Superconducting Gap by Nesting in CaKFe4As4: A New High Temperature Superconductor

Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud'Ko, Ilya Eremin, D. D. Johnson, P. C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the Brillouin zone), but are significantly different for each of the Fermi surface (FS) sheets. Most importantly, we find that the momentum dependence of the gap magnitude plotted across the entire Brillouin zone displays a strong deviation from the simple cos(kx)cos(ky) functional form of the gap function, proposed by the scenario of Cooper pairing driven by a short range antiferromagnetic exchange interaction. Instead, the maximum value of the gap is observed on FS sheets that are closest to the ideal nesting condition, in contrast to previous observations in other ferropnictides. These results provide strong support for the multiband character of superconductivity in CaKFe4As4, in which Cooper pairing forms on the electron and the hole bands interacting via a dominant interband repulsive interaction, enhanced by band nesting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number277001
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume117
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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