Enhanced degradation of trichloroethene by calcium peroxide activated with Fe(III) in the presence of citric acid

Xiang Zhang, Xiaogang Gu, Shuguang Lu, Zhouwei Miao, Minhui Xu, Xiaori Fu, Muhammad Danish, Mark L. Brusseau, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Trichloroethene (TCE) degradation by Fe(III)- activated calcium peroxide (CP) in the presence of citric acid (CA) in aqueous solution was investigated. The results demonstrated that the presence of CA enhanced TCE degradation significantly by increasing the concentration of soluble Fe(III) and promoting H2O2 generation. The generation of HO• and O2 • in both the CP/Fe(III) and CP/Fe(III)/CA systems was confirmed with chemical probes. The results of radical scavenging tests showed that TCE degradation was due predominantly to direct oxidation by HO•, while O2 • strengthened the generation of HO• by promoting Fe(III) transformation in the CP/Fe (III)/CA system. Acidic pH conditions were favorable for TCE degradation, and the TCE degradation rate decreased with increasing pH. The presence of Cl, HCO3 , and humic acid (HA) inhibited TCE degradation to different extents for the CP/Fe(III)/CA system. Analysis of Cl–production suggested that TCE degradation in the CP/Fe (III)/CA system occurred through a dechlorination process. In summary, this study provided detailed information for the application of CA-enhanced Fe(III)-activated calcium peroxide for treating TCE contaminated groundwater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-512
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • calcium peroxide
  • citric acid
  • ferric ion
  • free radicals
  • oxidation
  • trichloroethene (TCE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced degradation of trichloroethene by calcium peroxide activated with Fe(III) in the presence of citric acid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this