Engineering thermal transport within Si thin films: The impact of nanoslot alignment and ion implantation

Sien Wang, Yue Xiao, Qiyu Chen, Qing Hao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, nanoporous Si films have been intensively studied for their potential applications in thermoelectrics and the thermal management of devices. To minimize the thermal conductivity, ultrafine nanoporous patterns are required but the smallest structure size is largely limited by the spatial resolution of the employed nanofabrication techniques. Along this line, an effectively smaller characteristic length of a nanoporous film can be achieved with offset nanoslot patterns. Compared with periodic circular pores, the nanoslot pattern can achieve an even lower thermal conductivity, where a much smaller porosity is required using ultra-narrow nanoslots. The obtained low thermal conductivity can be understood from the thermally dead volume revealed by phonon Monte Carlo simulations. To further minimize the contribution from short-wavelength phonons, an additional 25% thermal conductivity reduction can be achieved with Ga ions implanted using a focused ion beam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105386
JournaliScience
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2022

Keywords

  • Nanotechnology
  • Thermal engineering
  • Thermal property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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