Endothelin-1 Gene Polymorphisms Influence Cerebrospinal Fluid Endothelin-1 Levels Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Matthew J. Gallek, Sheila A. Alexander, Elizabeth Crago, Paula R. Sherwood, Megan Klamerus, Michael B. Horowitz, Samuel M. Poloyac, Yvette Conley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a type of stroke with high morbidity and mortality. Increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels have been associated with increased risk of cerebral vasospasm, which is associated with increased morbidity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between ET-1 genotypes and ET-1 protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measured 72 hr before angiographic vasospasm measurement in subjects at high risk of cerebral vasospasm. Specifically, this study evaluated the differences between variant positive and variant negative groups of nine different ET-1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in relationship with the ET-1 protein exposure rate. The CSF ET-1 protein levels were quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. One functional SNP and eight ET-1 tagging SNPs were selected because they represent genetic variability in the entire ET-1 gene. The variant negative group of SNP rs2070699 was associated with a significantly higher ET-1 exposure rate than the variant positive group (p = 0.004), while the variant positive group of the rs5370 group showed a trend toward association with a higher ET-1 exposure rate (p = 0.051). Other SNPs were not informative. This is the first study to show differences in ET-1 exposure rate 72 hr before angiography in relation to ET-1 genotypes. These exploratory findings need to be replicated in a larger study; if replicated, these differences in genotypes may be a way to inform clinicians of those patients at a higher risk of increased ET-1 protein levels, which may lead to a higher risk of angiographic vasospasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Research For Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 17 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • endothelin-1
  • genetics
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory


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