Endothelial nitric oxide synthase–related mechanotransduction changes in aged porcine angular aqueous plexus cells

Yuan Lei, William Daniel Stamer, Jihong Wu, Xinghuai Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Methods. The AAP cells were isolated differentially from porcine outflow tissues using puromycin selection. Cell aging was induced by culturing cells in hyperoxia condition (40% oxygen and 5% carbon dioxide) for 14 days. The AAP cells grown in chamber slides were exposed to a shear stress of 8 dynes/cm2 for 24 hours. Expression of eNOS, eNOS-phospho Thr495, eNOS-phospho Ser1177, and Akt-phospho was tested by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence staining. Nitric oxide (NO) levels were measured using the Griess assay.

Purpose. To investigate effects of aging on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and signaling in angular aqueous plexus (AAP) (functional equivalent to human Schlemm's canal) cells subjected to shear stress.

Results. Compared with control, eNOS levels in aged cells were significantly reduced by 60% (P <0.05; n = 6). Phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser1177 and Akt at Ser473 was 63% and 80% lower in aged cells, respectively, whereas phosphorylation of the eNOS inhibition site (Thr495) increased by 6.1-fold (P <0.05; n = 6). Shear stress (8 dynes/cm2 for 24 hours) increased eNOS abundance (total protein and at cell borders) and phosphorylation at Ser1177 by 1.7-fold and 1.8-fold, respectively (P <0.05; n = 6), whereas aged cells were unresponsive. In control cells exposed to shear stress, the NO concentration was 1.8-fold higher than in the static group (P <0.05; n = 4); however, aged cells were unresponsive to shear stress (mean ± SD, 4.3 ± 1.3 vs. 4.1 ± 1.4 μM).

Conclusions. Aged AAP cells appear compromised in their mechanotransduction machinery involving eNOS, the protein product of the gene, NOS3, polymorphisms of which impart a risk for the development of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8402-8408
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Schlemm’s canal
  • eNOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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