Endometriosis: A high-risk population for major chronic diseases?

Marina Kvaskoff, Fan Mu, Kathryn L. Terry, Holly R. Harris, Elizabeth M. Poole, Leslie Farland, Stacey A. Missmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

273 Scopus citations


Background: Despite an estimated prevalence of 10% in women, the etiology of endometriosis remains poorly understood. Over recent decades, endometriosis has been associated with risk of several chronic diseases, such as cancer, autoimmune diseases, asthma/atopic diseases and cardiovascular diseases. A deeper understanding of these associations is needed as they may provide new leads into the causes or consequences of endometriosis. This review summarizes the available epidemiological findings on the associations between endometriosis and other chronic diseases and discusses hypotheses for underlying mechanisms, potential sources of bias and methodological complexities. Methods: We performed a comprehensive search of the PubMed/Medline and ISIWeb of Knowledge databases for all studies reporting on the associations between endometriosis and other diseases published in English through to May 2014, using numerous search terms.We additionally examined the reference lists of all identified papers to capture any additional articles that were not identified through computer searches. Results: We identified 21 studies on the associations between endometriosis and ovarian cancer, 14 for breast cancer, 8 for endometrial cancer, 4 for cervical cancer, 12 for cutaneous melanoma and 3 for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, as well as 9 on the links between endometriosis and autoimmune diseases, 6 on the links with asthma and atopic diseases, and 4 on the links with cardiovascular diseases. Endometriosis patients were reported to be at higher risk of ovarian and breast cancers, cutaneous melanoma, asthma, and some autoimmune, cardiovascular and atopic diseases, and at decreased risk of cervical cancer. Conclusions: Increasing evidence suggests that endometriosis patients are at higher risk of several chronic diseases. Although the underlying mechanisms are not yet understood, the available data to date suggest that endometriosis is not harmless with respects to women's longterm health. If these relationships are confirmed, these findings mayhave important implications in screening practices and in the management and care of endometriosis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-516
Number of pages17
JournalHuman Reproduction Update
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 31 2014


  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Endometriosis
  • asthma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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