End to end stroke triage using cerebrovascular morphology and machine learning

Aditi Deshpande, Jordan Elliott, Bin Jiang, Pouya Tahsili-Fahadan, Chelsea Kidwell, Max Wintermark, Kaveh Laksari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Rapid and accurate triage of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is essential for early revascularization and improved patient outcomes. Response to acute reperfusion therapies varies significantly based on patient-specific cerebrovascular anatomy that governs cerebral blood flow. We present an end-to-end machine learning approach for automatic stroke triage. Methods: Employing a validated convolutional neural network (CNN) segmentation model for image processing, we extract each patient’s cerebrovasculature and its morphological features from baseline non-invasive angiography scans. These features are used to detect occlusion’s presence and the site automatically, and for the first time, to estimate collateral circulation without manual intervention. We then use the extracted cerebrovascular features along with commonly used clinical and imaging parameters to predict the 90 days functional outcome for each patient. Results: The CNN model achieved a segmentation accuracy of 94% based on the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). The automatic stroke detection algorithm had a sensitivity and specificity of 92% and 94%, respectively. The models for occlusion site detection and automatic collateral grading reached 96% and 87.2% accuracy, respectively. Incorporating the automatically extracted cerebrovascular features significantly improved the 90 days outcome prediction accuracy from 0.63 to 0.83. Conclusion: The fast, automatic, and comprehensive model presented here can improve stroke diagnosis, aid collateral assessment, and enhance prognostication for treatment decisions, using cerebrovascular morphology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1217796
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
StatePublished - 2023


  • CNN—convolutional neural network
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • collateral circulation
  • machine learning
  • segmentation (image processing)
  • stroke
  • stroke outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'End to end stroke triage using cerebrovascular morphology and machine learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this