End bearing capacity of drilled shafts in rock

Zhang Lianyang Zhang, H. H. Einstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper a new empirical relation between the unconfirmed compressive strength of intact rock and the end bearing capacity of drilled shafts in rock is developed. In addition, an analytical relation between rock mass strength and end bearing capacity is developed to explicitly consider the effect of discontinuities. Specifically, a database of 39 load tests is used in this paper to derive the new relation between end bearing capacity and unconfirmed compressive strength of intact rock. The derived relation indicates that the end bearing capacity factor, Nc, which is the ratio of the end bearing capacity, qmax, and the unconfined compressive strength, 8sc, of intact rock, decreases with increasing 8sc. This is in contrast to many existing relations assuming constant Nc values. Since this new empirical relation is derived from the results of load tests, the effect of discontinuities is implicitly considered. To explicitly study the effect of discontinuities, an analytical relation based on the Hoek-Brown strength criterion that considers the effect of discontinuities is developed. The new analytical and empirical relations are in good agreement and are thus combined in a simplified form for predicting the end bearing capacity of drilled shafts socketed into rock masses. A comparison with two examples from instrumented test shafts indicates that the recommended relation produces satisfactory predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-584
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume124
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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