Enantiomeric Fractions Reveal Differences in the Atropselective Disposition of 2,2′,3,5′,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95) in Wildtype, Cyp2abfgs-Null, and CYP2A6-Humanized Mice

Xueshu Li, Amanda J. Bullert, Weiguo Han, Weizhu Yang, Qing Yu Zhang, Xinxin Ding, Hans Joachim Lehmler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental contaminants that can cause neurotoxicity. PCBs, such as PCB 95 (2,2′,3,5′,6-pentachlorobiphenyl), can be metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes into neurotoxic metabolites. To better understand how the metabolism of PCB 95 affects neurotoxic outcomes, we conducted a study on the disposition of PCB 95 in transgenic mouse models. The mice were given a single oral dose of PCB 95 (1.0 mg/kg) and were euthanized 24 h later for analysis. PCB 95 levels were highest in adipose tissue, followed by the liver, brain, and blood. Adipose tissue levels were significantly higher in wild-type (WT) mice than in Cyp2abfgs-null (KO) or CYP2A6-transgenic (KI) mice. We also observed genotype-dependent differences in the enrichment of aS-PCB 95 in female mice, with a less pronounced enrichment in KO than WT and KI mice. Ten hydroxylated PCB 95 metabolites were detected in blood and tissue across all exposure groups. The metabolite profiles differed across tissues, while sex and genotype-dependent differences were less pronounced. Total OH-PCB levels were highest in the blood, followed by the liver, adipose tissue, and brain. Total OH-PCB blood levels were lower in KO than in WT mice, while the opposite trend was observed in the liver. In male mice, total OH-PCB metabolite levels were significantly lower in KI than in WT mice in blood and the liver, while the opposite trend was observed in female mice. In conclusion, the study highlights the differences in the atropselective disposition of PCB 95 and its metabolites in different types of mice, demonstrating the usefulness of these transgenic mouse models for characterizing the role of PCB metabolism in PCB neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1386-1397
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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