Emergent Bilinguals: Framing Students as Statistical Data?

Jill Koyama, Kate Menken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Immigrant youth who are designated as English language learners in American schools-whom we refer to as "emergent bilinguals"-are increasingly framed by numerical calculations. Utilizing the notion of assemblage from actor-network theory (ANT), we trace how emergent bilinguals are discursively constructed by officials, administrators, politicians, and the media through the manipulation and publication of school test scores, district data, and state reports. Drawing upon two overlapping, complementary qualitative studies conducted in New York City, we reveal the ways in which this places burdens on emergent bilinguals and their schools and narrows important discussions of bilingual education pedagogies to ones centered on numerical data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-99
Number of pages18
JournalBilingual Research Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Emergent Bilinguals: Framing Students as Statistical Data?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this