Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) is a potent negative immunoregulatory molecule. We have previously shown that the autoimmune-mediated weaning-age lethality of Tgfb1-/- mice is reversed upon genetic combination with Scid or Rag null alleles. Here, we show that elimination of T but not B cells is sufficient for the reversal, but elimination of either CD4+ or CD8+ cells is not. Although elimination of B cells does not rescue TGFβ1-deficient animals from autoimmunity, B cells are hyperresponsive to LPS in the absence of TGFβ1. TGFβ1 deficiency leads to activation of CD8+ T cells as suggested by down-modulation of CD8 even in the absence of CD4+ T cells. This study provides evidence that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, but not B cells, have the ability to cause inflammation in the absence of TGFβ1. However, though TGFβ1-deficient B cells are hyperresponsive to stimulation, alone they are not sufficient to cause inflammation.
- Cell proliferation
- Growth factors
- Knockout mice
- T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas