Electronic, vibrational, and charge-transport properties of benzothienobenzothiophene-TCNQ co-crystals

Ajith Ashokan, Caitlin Hanson, Nathan Corbin, Jean Luc Brédas, Veaceslav Coropceanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The electronic, vibrational, and charge-transport properties of a series of benzothieno-benzothiophene (BTBT)-FmTCNQ (m = 0, 2, 4) and diCnBTBT-FmTCNQ (n = 8, 12; m = 0, 4) donor-acceptor (DA) co-crystals have been investigated by means of density functional theory calculations. The electronic-structure calculations predict wide conduction bands and small effective masses for electrons along the DA stacking directions. The results indicate that the increase in the number of F atoms on the acceptor molecules results in an increase of superexchange couplings along the DA stacks, while the addition of the alkyl side chains results in a decrease of through-space transfer integrals between neighboring stacks. Time-dependent density functional theory calculations of the optical properties describe the lowest two optical transitions as having a charge-transfer character and being related to the two electronic coupling pathways that contribute to the superexchange couplings. The results also indicate that the ionicity parameter in the diCnBTBT-FmTCNQ cocrystals is somewhat larger than in the BTBT analogues. Overall, we find that DFT calculations based on periodic boundary conditions are a reliable tool to estimate the ionicity parameter in DA cocrystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3623-3631
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Chemistry Frontiers
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Materials Chemistry


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