Background and Objective: Free radicals, detected previously in corneal tissue following 193 nm laser irradiation, may be important agents in the laser/tissue interaction. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) has been used to examine such radical formation in detail. Study Design/Materials and Methods: Bovine corneal strips were frozen in liquid nitrogen, irradiated with excimer laser pulses, and assayed by EPR. Exposure conditions were varied to study radical formation dependence on laser intensity and repetition. Results were measured against a quantifiable standard to calculate radical quantum yield. Results: Either weak or intense laser fluences produced comparable tissue EPR signals. Radicals accumulated in frozen tissue for at least 10 initial ablation pulses. Radical quantum yield in cornea was 0.15%. Conclusion: Corneal ablation formation is largely a photochemical process driven by the 193 nm laser radiation. Reactive radical species are produced in substantial numbers and likely have a significant clinical role.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Lasers in Surgery and Medicine|
|State||Published - 1996|
- photorefractive keratectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas