Electron dynamics in a free-electron laser

H. Al Abawi, F. A. Hopf, P. Meystre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The behavior of the momentum distribution function is discussed theoretically in the small-signal regime of the free-electron laser (FEL). The distribution function is derived analytically following a series of approximations that reduce this problem to the Klein-Gordon equation. The distribution function changes in nontrivial ways that may play an important role in the efficiency of the FEL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-671
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


Dive into the research topics of 'Electron dynamics in a free-electron laser'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this