Background: Patients' responses to antiplatelet therapy significantly vary, with individuals showing high residual platelet reactivity associated with thrombosis. To personalize thrombosis management, platelet function testing has been suggested as a promising tool able to monitor the antithrombotic effect of antiplatelet agents in real-time. We have prototyped the MICELI, a miniature and easy-to-use electrical impedance aggregometer (EIA), measuring platelet aggregation in whole blood. Here, we tested the capability of the MICELI aggregometer to quantify platelet reactivity on antiplatelet agents, as compared with conventional light-transmission aggregometry (LTA). Methods: Platelet aggregation in ACD-anticoagulated whole blood and platelet-rich plasma of healthy donors (n = 30) was evaluated. The effect of clopidogrel, ticagrelor, cangrelor, cilostazol, and tirofiban on ADP-induced aggregation was tested, while aspirin was evaluated with arachidonic acid and collagen. Platelet aggregation was recorded using the MICELI or BioData PAP-8E (Bio/Data Corp.) aggregometers. Results: The MICELI aggregometer detected an adequate and comparable dose-dependent decrease of platelet aggregation in response to increments of drugs' concentrations, as compared to LTA (the inter-device R2 = 0.79–0.93). Platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma recorded by LTA showed higher sensitivity to antiplatelet agents, but it couldn't distinguish between different drug doses as indicated by saturation of the aggregatory response. Conclusion: Platelet aggregation in whole blood as recorded by EIA represents a better model system for evaluation of platelet reactivity as compared with platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma as recorded by LTA, since EIA takes into consideration the modulatory effect of other blood cells on platelet hemostatic function and pharmacodynamics of antiplatelet drugs in vivo. As such, the MICELI impedance aggregometer could be potentially employed for the point-of-care monitoring of platelet function in patients on-treatment for personalized tailoring of their antiplatelet regimen.
- Antiplatelet therapy
- Aspirin resistance
- Clopidogrel resistance
- Electrical impedance aggregometry
- Light transmission aggregometry
- Point-of-care diagnostic device
ASJC Scopus subject areas