Efficacy of Group Conversation Intervention in Individuals with Severe Profiles of Aphasia

Elizabeth Hoover, Alexandra McFee, Gayle Dede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

An estimated 390,000 to 520,000 individuals with severe aphasia (IWSA) currently live in the United States. IWSA experience profound social isolation, which is associated with a wide range of negative health outcomes, including mortality. Treatments for severe aphasia frequently focus on compensatory communication approaches or a discrete communication act rather than on participation-based treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether IWSA demonstrated improved performance on standardized language measures, patient-reported outcome measures, and connected speech samples as a result of client-centered conversation group treatment. Results of assessments conducted at pretreatment, posttreatment, and maintenance intervals were variable across participants. All participants demonstrated improvement in at least one of the outcome measures considered. Importantly, none of these measures fully captured how IWSA were able to convey their thoughts in supported conversation. The results lend support for the use of conversation treatment for, and for further study in, this subpopulation of individuals with aphasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-82
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in speech and language
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • conversation treatment
  • discourse level treatment
  • severe aphasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Efficacy of Group Conversation Intervention in Individuals with Severe Profiles of Aphasia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this