Effects of the F94L myostatin gene mutation in beef × dairy crossed cattle on muscle fiber type, live performance, carcass characteristics, and boxed beef and retail cut yields

Bryanne E. Waller, Samuel R. Garcia, Luke K. Fuerniss, Bradley J. Johnson, Dale R. Woerner, Duane M. Wulf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Producer live performance data and carcasses from steers (n = 116) resulting from the mating of four Limousin/Angus sires heterozygous for the F94L myostatin mutation to Jersey/Holstein dams were utilized to evaluate the effects of one copy of the F94L allele on live performance, carcass traits and USDA grades, and boxed beef and retail yields. Slaughter data were collected at time of harvest and carcass data were collected 48 hours postmortem. One side from each of the 58 carcasses was fabricated into boxed beef and retail cuts by experienced lab personnel 5–8 d postmortem. One copy of the F94L allele did not affect gestation length, birth weight, percentage of unassisted births, feedlot average daily gain, live weight at harvest, hot carcass weight, or dressing percentage (P > 0.05). Muscle fiber analysis indicated that the increase in muscularity by the F94L allele in the semitendinosus and longissimus was likely due to hyperplasia as there was a 19% increase in the quantity of myosin heavy chain type IIA and IIX fibers in the semitendinosus (P < 0.05) with no effect on muscle fiber size (P > 0.05). Carcasses from steers with one F94L allele had larger ribeye areas (99.2 vs. 92.3 sq.cm.), greater ribeye width:length ratios (0.498 vs. 0.479), lower USDA yield grades (2.21 vs. 2.66), and lower marbling scores (438 vs. 480) (P < 0.05). Additionally, for boxed beef yields, one F94L allele, vs. zero F94L alleles, increased (P < 0.05) 85/15 trimmings (+0.59%), top round (+0.28%), strip loin (+0.12%), eye round (+0.11%), tenderloin (+0.07%), boneless foreshank (+0.07%), cap/wedge (+0.06%), and tri-tip (+0.04%). Overall, carcasses from steers with one F94L allele had a greater boxed beef yield (+1.06%), boxed beef plus 85/15 trimmings yield (+1.65%), and total retail cuts plus ground beef 85/15 yield (+1.78%) than carcasses from steers with zero F94L alleles (P < 0.05). One copy of the F94L allele utilized in beef-on-dairy breeding system had no significant impact on live performance traits but resulted in lower marbling scores and increased muscularity as evidenced through larger, more beef-shaped ribeyes, lower USDA yield grades, and greater carcass cutout yields (both boxed beef and retail yields).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberskad324
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • : beef × dairy
  • F94L
  • fiber type
  • myostatin
  • yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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