Effects of Procedural and Distributive Justice on Reactions to a Selection System

Stephen W. Gilliland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

393 Scopus citations


Procedural and distributive justice were examined in an employee selection situation. Along procedural justice dimensions, job relatedness of and explanation offered for the selection procedures were manipulated. Distributive justice was examined through manipulation of a selection decision and collection of a priori hiring expectations. Dependent measures included fairness reactions, recommendation intentions, self-efficacy, and actual work performance. Undergraduates (n = 260) were selected/rejected for paid employment. Job relatedness influenced performance and interacted with selection decision on perceptions of distributive fairness and self-efficacy. Explanations influenced recommendations of rejected applicants. Interactions between hiring expectations and selection decision were observed on perceived fairness and recommendation intentions. Discussion focuses on theoretical and practical implications of the observed interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-701
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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