The effect of acute administration of 20-80 mg/kg O,S,S-trimethyl phosphorodithioate (OSS-TMP) to C57BL/6 female mice on the murine immune system was determined. The parameters examined to evaluate overt toxicity of the compound included body weight, plasma cholinesterase levels, splenic nucleated cell number and thymic weight and nucleated cell number. Acute administration of 60 or 80 mg/kg OSS-TMP led to a 75 or 63% decrease, respectively, in plasma cholinesterase levels and a decrease in thymic size. At a dose of 80 mg/kg OSS-TMP, the animals also exhibited some lethargy and body weight loss. Below 60 mg/kg OSS-TMP, no overt toxic manifestations were observed. These studies were carried further to determine the effect of OSS-TMP on the generation of in vivo primary and in vitro secondary cellular and humoral immune responses. At nontoxic doses of the compound, i.e. 20 and 40 mg/kg OSS-TMP, the in vivo generation of a primary cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to alloantigen was significantly elevated, but this response was unaffected following restimulation of the splenocytes by alloantigen in vitro. The generation of an in vivo primary and in vitro secondary humoral responses to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) was elevated following a single dose of 40 mg/kg OSS-TMP. Administration of toxic doses of OSS-TMP, i.e. 60 and 80 mg/kg, did not alter the ability of splenocytes to generate a primary or secondary CTL response, but suppressed the generation of humoral immune responses. These results differ significantly from those observed in a similar system following acute administration of a structural analog, O,O,S-trimethyl phosphorothioate which was previously shown to have potent immunosuppressive activity at nontoxic doses.
- Cell-mediated immune response
- Humoral immune response
- O,S,S-trimethyl phosphorodithioate
ASJC Scopus subject areas