Effects of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) on growth, survival, gut microflora, stress, and immune response in Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, cultured in a recirculating system

Ahmed Mustafa, Alejandro Buentello, Delbert Gatlin, Don Lightner, Michael Hume, Addison Lawrence

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The present study investigated the effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides (FOS) as dietary supplements on stress, immune response, gut microbiota, growth, and survivability of three different treatment groups of Pacific white shrimp, Litopaneous vennamei, cultured in a recirculating system. The experiment was conducted over a 35-day trial period. Shrimps were fed diets, 15 times a day using automated feeder, supplemented with GOS at 0%, 0.15%, and 0.30% by weight. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis revealed that the enteric microbial community of shrimp fed the basal diet differed markedly (<80.0% similarity coefficient) from those fed FOS-supplemented diets. However, shrimp survival, weight gain, and immune responses among the treatment groups were good but not significantly different (P > 0.05), probably due to the limited length of the feeding trial.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)45-59
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry
    Volume41
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2 2020

    Keywords

    • fructooligosaccharides
    • growth
    • immune response
    • Shrimp
    • stress
    • survival

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Medical Laboratory Technology

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