Effectiveness of Casirivimab-Imdevimab Monoclonal Antibody Treatment among High-Risk Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 B.1.617.2 (Delta Variant) Infection

Mohanad M. Al-Obaidi, Ahmet B. Gungor, Saman Nematollahi, Tirdad T Zangeneh, Edward J. Bedrick, Katherine M. Johnson, Nicole E. Low-Adegbija, Ruhaniyah Alam, Pooja Rangan, C. William Heise, Venkatesh K. Ariyamuthu, Aneesha Shetty, Abd Assalam Qannus, Sangeetha Murugapandian, Mehmet M.S. Ayvaci, Prince Mohan Anand, Bekir Tanriover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Real-world data on the effectiveness of neutralizing casirivimab-imdevimab monoclonal antibody (Cas-Imd mAb) against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among high-risk patients may inform the response to future SARS-CoV-2 variants. Methods: This study covers an observational retrospective data analysis in Banner Health Care System sites, mainly in Arizona. During the study period, the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant was between 95% and 100%. Of 29 635 patients who tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) between 1 August 2021 and 30 October 2021, in the Banner Health Care System, the study cohort was split into 4213 adult patients who received Cas-Imd mAb (1200 mg) treatment compared to a PS-matched 4213 untreated patients. The primary outcomes were the incidence of all-cause hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and mortality within 30 days of Cas-Imd mAb administration or Delta variant infection. Results: Compared to the PS-matched untreated cohort, the Cas-Imd mAb cohort had significantly lower all-cause hospitalization (4.2% vs 17.6%; difference in percentages, -13.4 [95% confidence interval {CI}, -14.7 to -12.0]; P <. 001), ICU admission (0.3% vs 2.8%; difference, -2.4 [95% CI, -3.0 to -1.9]; P <. 001), and mortality (0.2% vs 2.0%; difference, -1.8 [95% CI, -2.3 to -1.3]; P <. 001) within 30 days. The Cas-Imd mAb treatment was associated with lower rate of hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR], 0.22 [95% CI,. 19-.26]; P <. 001) and mortality (HR, 0.11 [95% CI,. 06-.21]; P <. 001). Conclusions: Cas-Imd mAb treatment was associated with a lower hospitalization rate, ICU admission, and mortality within 30 days among patients infected with the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberofac186
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • Delta variant
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • all-cause hospitalization
  • casirivimab-imdevimab monoclonal antibody
  • mortality
  • propensity matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Infectious Diseases

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