Effect of network latency on load sharing in distributed systems

M. Sriram Iyengar, Mukesh Singhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Distributed computing systems consist of computers interconnected by communications links. In such systems, Load sharing is an important technique used to improve system performance in which jobs are transferred from overloaded nodes to underloaded ones. However, due to the ubiquitous and inescapable presence of network latencies, various pitfalls arise which can adversely affect the beneficial effects of job transfer. In this paper, we present an investigation into the effect of network latency on load sharing. The notions of Transfer Pair, and Load-Sharing Window are rigorously defined. A general expression for the probability distribution function of the Load-Sharing Window is derived. A class of rules, called quantile rules, is introduced and their role in avoiding unproductive job redistribution in spite of network latency, as well as to make multiple job transfers, is explained. The general technique is applied to the specific case of a distributed computing system consisting of M/M/1 queues. For this case, an expression for the mean of the Load-Sharing Window is derived. Numerical computations are presented, and their significance discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-853
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Latency
  • Load imbalance
  • Load sharing
  • Load-Sharing Window
  • Multiple job transfer
  • Quantiles
  • Queues
  • Transfer pair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of network latency on load sharing in distributed systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this