Effect of multiple light paths on retinal vessel oximetry

Matthew H. Smith, Kurt R. Denninghoff, Arthur Lompado, Lloyd W. Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Techniques for noninvasively measuring the oxygen saturation of blood in retinal arteries and veins are reported in the literature, but none have been sufficiently accurate and reliable for clinical use. Addressing the need for increased accuracy, we present a series of oximetric equations that explicitly consider the effects of backscattering by red blood cells and lateral diffusion of light in the ocular fundus. The equations are derived for the specific geometry of a scanning-beam retinal vessel oximeter; however, the results should also be applicable to photographic oximeters. We present in vitro and in vivo data that suggest the validity of these equations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1183-1193
Number of pages11
JournalApplied optics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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