Effect of dephasing on exciton superradiance and exciton cavity polaritons

Gunnar Björk, Stanley Pau, Joseph M. Jacobson, Hui Cao, Yoshihisa Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Quantum-well exciton superradiance and exciton cavity polarization formation both require a substantial spatial coherence area in order to become the dominant exciton field interaction. In both interaction processes the quantum-well (in-plane) momentum is conserved. Momentum scattering, which is due, e.g., to interaction with a phonon reservoir, quickly localizes an initially delocalized exciton and randomizes the excitation momentum. We take a close look at how momentum scattering influences measurements of excitonic superradiance and of exciton cavity polariton splitting. An important conclusion is that, in general, measurements of the emitted light do not correspond to the evolution of the system as a whole. Therefore, e.g., the measured decay rates do not correspond to the true decay rate of the system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1069-1077
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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