eButterfly: Leveraging massive online citizen science for butterfly consevation

Kathleen L. Prudic, Kent P. McFarland, Jeffrey C. Oliver, Rebecca A. Hutchinson, Elizabeth C. Long, Jeremy T. Kerr, Maxim Larrivée

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Data collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers. Here we describe eButterfly an integrative checklist-based butterfly monitoring and database web-platform that leverages the skills and knowledge of recreational butterfly enthusiasts to create a globally accessible unified database of butterfly observations across North America. Citizen scientists, conservationists, policy makers, and scientists are using eButterfly data to better understand the biological patterns of butterfly species diversity and how environmental conditions shape these patterns in space and time. eButterfly in collaboration with thousands of butterfly enthusiasts has created a near real-time butterfly data resource producing tens of thousands of observations per year open to all to share and explore.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number53
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • Biodiversity
  • Butterfly
  • Citizen science
  • Crowd-sourced
  • Danaus plexippus
  • Data management
  • Lepidoptera
  • Papilionoidea
  • Pollinator conservation
  • Vanessa atalanta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science


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