Early Science with the Large Millimeter Telescope: Constraining the Gas Fraction of a Compact Quiescent Galaxy at z = 1.883

Joyce N. Caliendo, Katherine E. Whitaker, Mohammad Akhshik, Grant Wilson, Christina C. Williams, Justin S. Spilker, Guillaume Mahler, Alexandra Pope, Keren Sharon, Emmaly Aguilar, Rachel Bezanson, Miguel Chavez Dagostino, Arturo I. Gómez-Ruiz, Alfredo Montaa, Sune Toft, Miguel Velazquez De La Rosa, Milagros Zeballos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present constraints on the dust continuum flux and inferred gas content of a gravitationally lensed massive quiescent galaxy at z = 1.883 0.001 using AzTEC 1.1 mm imaging with the Large Millimeter Telescope. MRG-S0851 appears to be a prototypical massive compact quiescent galaxy, but evidence suggests that it experienced a centrally concentrated rejuvenation event in the last 100 Myr. This galaxy is undetected in the AzTEC image but we calculate an upper limit on the millimeter flux and use this to estimate the H2 mass limit via an empirically calibrated relation that assumes a constant molecular-gas-to-dust ratio of 150. We constrain the 3σ upper limit of the H2 fraction from the dust continuum in MRG-S0851 to be . MRG-S0851 has a low gas fraction limit with a moderately low sSFR owing to the recent rejuvenation episode, which together result in a relatively short depletion time of <0.6 Gyr if no further H2 gas is accreted. Empirical and analytical models both predict that we should have detected molecular gas in MRG-S0851, especially given the rejuvenation episode; this suggests that cold gas and/or dust is rapidly depleted in at least some early quiescent galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL7
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume910
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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