A descriptive study of a new model enabling serial biopsies of ongoing hyperacute rejection of small intestinal discordant xenografts is presented. In a series of guinea-pig-to-Lewis rat small bowel xenotransplants (n=7), aboral free ends of Thierry-Vella loops constructed from the graft were sequentially biopsied at one-minute intervals up to ten minutes post- reperfusion and less frequently thereafter. In a guinea pig-to-guinea pig (n=6) isograft series, biopsy controls for preservation/ischemia-reperfusion injury were obtained. Xenoantibody sequestration in this model was evaluated in a separate series of transplants, utilizing an ELISA assay for rat anti- guinea pig natural antibodies. Pathologic evaluation revealed a unique series of events characterized with microcirculatory failure and thrombosis progressing from the submucosal vasculature to the lumen. Within the system's detection limits, complement deposition and P-selectin expression occurred as early as one minute post-reperfusion, preceding the staining for IgM and IgG. Using rat serum ELISAs, no significant difference in xenoantibody sequestration was detected between the xenograft and isograft groups. The guinea pig-to-rat discordant small bowel xenotransplantation is an efficient small animal model to dissect the very early pathophysiologic events during hyperacute rejection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas