Dust properties in the afterglow of GRB 071025 at z∼5

Minsung Jang, Myungshin Im, Induk Lee, Yuji Urata, Kuiyun Huang, Hiroyuki Hirashita, Xiaohui Fan, Linhua Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


At high redshift, the universe is so young that core-collapse supernovae (SNe) are suspected to be the dominant source of dust production. However, some observations indicate that the dust production by SNe is an inefficient process, casting doubts on the existence of abundant SNe-dust in the early universe. Recently, Perley et al. reported that the afterglow of GRB 071025 - an unusually red gamma-ray burst (GRB) at z 5 - shows evidence for SNe-produced dust. Since this is perhaps the only high-redshift GRB exhibiting compelling evidence for SNe-dust but the result could easily be affected by small systematics in photometry, we re-examined the extinction properties of GRB 071025 using our own optical/near-infrared data at a different epoch. In addition, we tested SNe-dust models with different progenitor masses and dust destruction efficiencies to constrain the dust formation mechanisms. By searching for the best-fit model of the afterglow spectral energy distribution, we confirm the previous claim that the dust in GRB 071025 is most likely to originate from SNe. We also find that the SNe-dust model of 13 or 25 M⊙ without dust destruction fits the extinction property of GRB 071025 best, while pair-instability SNe models with a 170 M⊙ progenitor poorly fit the data. Our results indicate that, at least in some systems at high redshift, SNe with intermediate initial masses within 10-30 M⊙ were the main contributors for the dust enrichment, and the dust destruction effect due to reverse shock was negligible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL20
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011


  • dust, extinction
  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 071025)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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