Dual manganese-enhanced and delayed gadolinium-enhanced mri detects myocardial border zone injury in a pig ischemia-reperfusion model

Rajesh Dash, Jaehoon Chung, Fumiaki Ikeno, Annett Hahn-Windgassen, Yuka Matsuura, Mihoko V. Bennett, Jennifer K. Lyons, Tomohiko Teramoto, Robert C. Robbins, Michael V. McConnell, Alan C. Yeung, Todd J. Brinton, Phillip P. Harnish, Phillip C. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Gadolinium (Gd)-based delayed-enhancement MRI (DEMRI) identifies nonviable myocardium but is nonspecific and may overestimate nonviable territory. Manganese (Mn2+)-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) denotes specific Mn2+ uptake into viable cardiomyocytes. We performed a dual-contrast myocardial assessment in a porcine ischemia-reperfusion (IR) model to test the hypothesis that combined DEMRI and MEMRI identifies viable infarct border zone (BZ) myocardium in vivo. Methods and Results-Sixty-minute left anterior descending coronary artery IR injury was induced in 13 adult swine. Twenty-one days post-IR, 3-T cardiac MRI was performed. MEMRI was obtained after injection of 0.7 mL/kg Mn2+ contrast agent. DEMRI was then acquired after injection of 0.2 mmol/kg Gd. Left ventricular (LV) mass, infarct, and function were analyzed. Subtraction of MEMRI defect from DEMRI signal identified injured BZ myocardium. Explanted hearts were analyzed by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride stain and tissue electron microscopy to compare infarct, BZ, and remote myocardium. Average LV ejection fraction was reduced (30±7%). MEMRI and DEMRI infarct volumes correlated with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride stain analysis (MEMRI, r=0.78; DEMRI, r=0.75; P<0.004). MEMRI infarct volume percentage was significantly lower than that of DEMRI (14±4% versus 23±4%; P<0.05). BZ MEMRI signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was intermediate to remote and core infarct SNR (7.5±2.8 versus 13.2±3.4 and 2.9±1.6; P<0.0001), and DEMRI BZ SNR tended to be intermediate to remote and core infarct SNR (8.4±5.4 versus 3.3±0.6 and 14.3±6.6; P>0.05). Tissue electron microscopy analysis exhibited preserved cell structure in BZ cardiomyocytes despite transmural DEMRI enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-582
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell viability
  • Gadolinium
  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Manganese

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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