Doxycycline, a matrix metalloprotease inhibitor, reduces vascular remodeling and damage after cerebral ischemia in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats

Paulo W. Pires, Curt T. Rogers, Jonathon L. Mcclain, Hannah S. Garver, Gregory D. Fink, Anne M. Dorrance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)are a family of zinc peptidases involved in extra cellular matrix turnover. There is evidence that increased MMP activity is involved in remodeling of resistance vessels in chronic hypertension. Thus we hypothesized that inhibition of MMP activity with doxy cycline(DOX) would attenuate vascular remodeling. Six-week-old male stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were treatedwith DOX (50 mg·kg-1·day-1 in the drinking water) for 6 wk. Untreated SHRSP were controls. Blood pressure was measured by telemetry during the last week. Middle cerebral artery (MCA) and mesenteric resistance artery (MRA) passive structures were assessed by pressure myography. MMP-2 expression in aortas was measured by Western blot. All results are means ± SE. DOX caused a small increase in mean arterial pressure (SHRSP, 154 ± 1; SHRSP ± DOX,159 ± 3 mmHg; P < 0.001). Active MMP-2 expression was reduced in aorta from SHRSP + DOX (0.21 ± 0.06 vs. 0.49 ± 0.13 arbitrary units; P < 0.05). In the MCA, at 80 mmHg, DOX treatment increased the lumen (273.2 ± 4.7 vs. 238.3 ± 6.3 μm; P < 0.05) and the outer diameter (321 ± 5.3 vs. 290 ±7.6 μm; P < 0.05) and reduced the wall-to-lumen ratio (0.09 ± 0.002 vs. 0.11 ± 0.003; P < 0.05).Damage after transient cerebral ischemia (transient MCA occlusion)was reduced in SHRSP + DOX (20.7 ± 4 vs. 45.5 ± 5% of hemisphere infarcted; P < 0.05). In the MRA, at 90 mmHg DOX, reduced wall thickness (29 ± 1 vs. 22 ± 1 μm; P < 0.001) and wall-to-lumen ratio (0.08 ± 0.004 vs. 0.11 ± 0.008; P < 0.05)without changing lumen diameter. These results suggest that MMP sare involved in hypertensive vascular remodeling in both the peripherala nd cerebral vasculature and that DOX reduced brain damage after cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H87-H97
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume301
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Middle cerebral artery
  • Vascular remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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