Download alleviation by periodic excitation on a typical tilt-rotor configuration - Computation and experiment

P. Kjellgren, N. Anderbergj, I. Wygnanski

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Experiments and computations have been carried out that simulate a wing being immersed in the down-wash of a hovering rotor. The investigation was carried out for two-dimensional mean flow that was approximately normal to a flapped airfoil. After establishing the base drag, periodic excitation emanating from the flap shoulder was added and the drag was reduced. The excitation used was either generated by blowing and suction or by the oscillations of piezo-electric cantilever beams. Computations were performed with a seini-implicit finite element large eddy simulation method for three-dimensional, time-dependent turbulent flows. To reduce the computational requirements, only a slice of the wing was accounted for and the span-wise depth of this slice was about 30% of the chord. The calculations were first performed for the unforced case using about 105 time steps, sufficient for the download caused by the flow field to reach a constant mean value. Thereafter, periodic excitation from the flap shoulder was introduced and the computation continued until the download again reached approximately a constant mean value. This value was in agreement with experimental results and predicted a decrease in the download of approximately 30% due to the periodic excitation. Flow visualization confirmed the computed flow fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2000
EventFluids 2000 Conference and Exhibit - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Jun 19 2000Jun 22 2000


OtherFluids 2000 Conference and Exhibit
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver, CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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